Microsoft Xbox and Xbox 360 Dumping Guide

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This is a dumping guide for the original Xbox and Xbox 360 systems.

Note about Preproduction DVD-Rs: Windows may not recognize the filesystem, dump with DICUI with settings for IBM PC DVD-Rom.

Forum discussion on original Xbox and Xbox 360 dumping here.

Please review the important guidelines outlined in this forum thread regarding submission of both new discs and verifications: Redump Submissions

Contents

Two Hardware Setups to Dumping

There are two methods of dumping Xbox games (choose one of them). The only benefit to the more complex/expensive 0800 method, is that it's better at retrieving security sector info on some Xbox 360 discs (XDG3).

  • Method #1: Kreon disc drives:
    • SATA models:
      • SH-D163A aka TS-H353A
      • SH-D163B aka TS-H353B (won't work externally with an adapter, must mount in a pc tower)
    • IDE models:
      • SH-162C aka TS-H352C aka SD-M2012C(?)
      • SH-D162D/TS-H352D

Kreon drive Setup & Dumping

Tools / First Time Setup

  • Kreon disc drive.
  • Flash your Kreon disc drive's firmware:
    • Download the appropriate firmware for your model:
    • Unzip the firmware software, open up the command line and cd (change directory) to it's location.
    • Run the command: sfdnwin.exe -nocheck
    • You'll get a pop up that says "-Nocheck Use!!!", click "OK" beneath it. This will open the SFDNWIN app.
    • In the app, select your "Drive".
    • Click the light-blue Folder icon in the upper left part of the app, then select the ".bin" file that came with the app.
    • Click the green Folder icon.
    • If successful you will be asked to restart your computer, do this.

Dumping

Dump with this guide: Disc Dumping Guide (DICUI). For newer Xbox 360 discs if you have trouble getting DICUI to read them, you can use the below guide:

  • Download the following app pack: Xbox and Xbox 360 Dumping Kit
  • Xbox Backup Creator:
    • Open the Xbox Backup Creator app by double clicking on "Xbox Backup Creator.exe".
    • Navigate to the "Drive Tools" tab then click "Security Sector". Save this file ("SS.bin") to the "Xbox and Xbox 360 Dumping Kit" folder.
    • Click on "PFI Sector" ("PFI.bin") and "DMI Sector" ("DMI.bin") to save these as well.
    • Close Xbox Backup Creator app.
  • Press the eject button on your drive twice so that it will open and close your drive (remounting the Xbox partitions). DO NOT SKIP THIS STEP.
  • In the "Xbox and Xbox 360 Dumping Kit" folder:
    • Edit "dump.bat" contents with Notepad app by right-click -> Edit
    • Change the drive letter ("i" by default) to the drive letter of your Kreon.
    • Double click on the "dump.bat" file and wait until dumping is complete (reaches 100%).
    • Now the Xbox game will be dumped to "Track 01.iso" and security sectors will be extracted.
  • Include the following files in your redump submission: DMI.bin, PFI.bin, sectors.txt, and SS.bin.

Note: Some stubborn discs may not read with FreeCell, as it lacks thorough error logic and read speed control. If you have a stubborn disc, you may be able to use an 0800 drive and Xbox Backup Creator to successfully dump it.

Dumping with 0800 drives

  • Software: Xbox Backup Creator 2.9.0.425
  • Open the app Xbox Backup Creator 2.9.0.425
  • On the Options tab, check "Build Clean ISO".
  • On the Read tab, uncheck "Use Sector Mapper (Xbox One)" (this can only be checked/unchecked with an original Xbox disc inserted - may not affect X360 dumps, needs testing) and "Image Style" select "Complete Backup".
  • Click the Start button on the Read tab.
  • Original Xbox only: a read error should occur shortly after starting the dump. This is normal. Check the box "Apply zero fill to all remaining sector errors." and click the "Zero-Fill Sector(s)" button.
  • Original Xbox only: when the dump is complete, make sure that the log window reports exactly 65536 unrecoverable sectors. These are the security sectors. If the number is higher, this means there were actual read errors and your dump is likely bad. Some games can still be read at a slower speed and with more attempts at reading bad sectors. On the Options tab, choose your drive under the "Drive Specific" section, then choose "Xbox One" in the dropdown beneath. Then set Block Retry Limit and Sector Retry Limit to 20, and Set Speed to 1x. The dump will take a bit longer, but dumpers have managed to save otherwise bad discs by reading them in this manner.

Submitting Dump Info: original Xbox

  • Game Title: Most obvious, is located everywhere. Please include subtitle if any.
  • Region: The region the disc originated from like USA, Japan or Europe
  • Languages/Language Select: Some games either show a language selection screen at startup or in the game options. Many games will boot with different languages depending on the active language selected in the BIOS. Booting the game with each language selected in the bios is necessary to identify the supported languages for these games. Note that it is possible to submit a game without checking the languages, but this then needs to be stated in your submission.
  • Serial & Version: Open the DMI.bin file with Windows' Notepad app and you'll find a string like MS00402A. This string contains valuable information: in this case, MS004 is the disc serial (MS-004). 02 is the version (1.02). A is the region code (NTSC).
    • Region Codes: W = Region Free, A = NTSC, J = NTSC-J, E = PAL, K = (NTSC, NTSC-J), L = (NTSC, PAL)
  • Edition: some games were rereleased in different packages or bundled with extra hardware, for example, Classics/Platinum Hits. If the game was released in original package, post edition as "Original".
  • Case Barcode: The number on the case displayed beneath the vertical lines, see Barcode.
  • Ring codes: The string of characters displayed on the inner rings of the disc. Check older submissions to make sure that you report everything that is needed. Make sure you have good lighting conditions and/or a magnifying glass if you have problems reading the text. For more information about the (mould) SID codes see this link.
  • DMI/PFI/SS Info: Use a hash program like HashCalc to get the CRC32 hash for the DMI.bin, PFI.bin, and SS.bin files. You should store the CRCs as shown below.
    • DMI: hash
    • PFI: hash
    • SS: hash
  • Security Sector Ranges: The contents of the sectors.txt file.
  • Size: The size of the dumped iso file. Xbox discs are always 7,825,162,240 bytes.
  • CRC32/MD5/SHA1: Use a hash program like HashCalc to get the CRC32, MD5, and SHA1 hashes of the dumped iso file.

Please submit your the DMI/PFI/SS files and logs with your submissions. If using Xbox Backup Creator, you can submit the standard log. If using DICUI, please submit essentially all files it generates, except for the main image files / ISO.

Submitting Dump Info: Xbox 360

  • Game Title: Most obvious, is located everywhere. Please include subtitle if any.
  • Region: The region the disc originated from like USA, Japan or Europe
  • Languages/Language Select: Some games either show a language selection screen at startup or in the game options. Many games will boot with different languages depending on the active language selected in the BIOS. Booting the game with each language selected in the bios is necessary to identify the supported languages for these games. Note that it is possible to submit a game without checking the languages, but this then needs to be stated in your submission.
    • Note: You may have to change your Xbox 360 system locale in order to access languages not supported by the dashboard, such as Czech, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian, and Swedish (locale = Czech Republic/Slovakia, Denmark, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden). Using the Image Browser in Xbox Backup Creator may help to identify if the game uses any of these languages.
  • Serial & Version: Open the DMI.bin file with Windows' Notepad app and you'll find a string like AV202202E0X11. This string contains valuable information: in this case, AV2022 is the disc serial (AV-2022). 02 is the version (1.02). E is the region code (PAL). Finally, the last two bytes tell you that it's Disc 1 of 1.
    • Region Codes: W = Region Free, A = NTSC, J = NTSC-J, E = PAL, K = (NTSC, NTSC-J), L = (NTSC, PAL), H = (NTSC-J, PAL)
  • Edition: some games were rereleased in different packages or bundled with extra hardware, for example, Classics/Platinum Hits. If the game was released in original package, post edition as "Original".
  • Case Barcode: The number on the case displayed beneath the vertical lines, see Barcode.
  • Ring codes: The string of characters displayed on the inner rings of the disc. Check older submissions to make sure that you report everything that is needed. Make sure you have good lighting conditions and/or a magnifying glass if you have problems reading the text. For more information about the (mould) SID codes see this link.
  • DMI/PFI/SS Info: Use a hash program like HashCalc to get the CRC32 hash for the DMI.bin, PFI.bin, and SS.bin files. You should store the CRCs along with the DMI string as shown below.
    • AV202202E0X11
    • DMI: hash
    • PFI: hash
    • SSv1: hash
      • If you dumped with the Kreon method, submit the SS as "SSv1".
      • If you dumped with the 0800 method, submit the SS for XGD3 discs as SSv2 and SS for XGD2 discs as SSv1. (ss_sector_range will convert/downgrade original XGD2 SSv2 files to SSv1, so that 0800 drive SS files will match Kreon drive SS files). If you're not sure what type of disc you have, XGD3 discs all have a PFI CRC of 26af4c58. The rest are XGD2.
  • Primary Volume Descriptor (PVD): Open the iso file with IsoBuster. Right click on Track 1 > Sector View > type "16" in at the top, then copy the data at 0320 - 0370 (full six rows) and paste it into your dump info document.
  • Security Sector Ranges: The contents of the sectors.txt file.
  • Size: The size of the dumped iso file. Provide the size in bytes.
  • CRC32/MD5/SHA1: Use a hash program like HashCalc to get the CRC32, MD5, and SHA1 hashes of the dumped iso file.

Please submit your the DMI/PFI/SS files and logs with your submissions. If using Xbox Backup Creator, you can submit the standard log. If using DICUI, please submit essentially all files it generates, except for the main image files / ISO.

Verification

In case you're verifying a dump that is already in the database, don't worry if your DMI's and SS's CRCs don't match. They often differ between various regions, even if the actual image checksums match. The PFI, on the other hand, should be identical for all games of a certain WAVE. Known PFI CRCs so far are:

  • WAVE1: 739CEAB3
  • WAVE2: A4CFB59C
  • WAVE3: 2A4CCBD3
  • WAVE4: 05C6C409
  • WAVE5: 05C6C409
  • WAVE6: 05C6C409
  • WAVE7: ????????
  • WAVE8: 0441D6A5
  • WAVE9: 0441D6A5
  • WAVE10: E18BC70B
  • WAVE11: E18BC70B
  • WAVE12: E18BC70B
  • WAVE13: 40DCB18F
  • WAVE14: ????????
  • WAVE15: 23A198FC
  • WAVE16: AB25DB47
  • WAVE17: ????????
  • WAVE18: 169EF597
  • WAVE19: 032CCF37
  • XDG3: 26AF4C58
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